About SARS-CoV-2 (2019nCoV, novel Coronavirus) membrane protein (Coronavirus M protein)

1. SARS-CoV-2 (2019nCoV) M protein: Coronavirus M protein is believed to define the shape of the viral envelope,which contains three transmembrane domains. It has a small N-terminal glycosylated ectodomain and a much larger C-terminal endodomain that extends 6–8 nm into the viral particle. M protein usualy exists as a dimer, and may adopt two different conformations allowing it to promote membrane curvature as well as bind to the nucleocapsid.

About SARS-CoV-2 (2019nCoV, novel Coronavirus) Nucleocapsid protein (Coronavirus N protein)

1. SARS-CoV-2 (2019nCoV) N protein: Coronavirus N protein is required for coronavirus RNA synthesis, and has RNA chaperone activity that may be involved in template switch. Nucleocapsid protein is a most abundant protein of coronavirus. N protein packages the positive strand viral genome RNA into a helical ribonucleocapsid (RNP) and plays a fundamental role during virion assembly through its interactions with the viral genome and membrane protein M. Plays an important role in enhancing the efficiency of subgenomic viral RNA transcription as well as viral replication. Because of the conservation of N protein sequence and its strong immunogenicity, the N protein of coronavirus is chosen as a diagnostic tool.

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Viral vector-based vaccine; DNA-based vaccine; RNA based vaccine - A landscape for vaccine technology against infectious disease, COVID-19 and tumor.

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1. Wu, A. et al. Genome Composition and Divergence of the Novel Coronavirus (2019-nCoV) Originating in China. Cell Host Microbe, doi:10.1016/j.chom.2020.02.001 (2020).

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