Spike N501Y mutant SARS-CoV-2(2019nCoV) Pseudotyped virus production and Pseudovirus Based Neutralization Assay
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(T,Test, formalized in 96 well, one test per well)
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SARS-CoV-2 spike-N501Y mutation
The world is in midst of the COVID-19 pandemic caused by SARS-CoV-2 (2019nCoV) infection. The Spike protein (S-protein) of SARS-CoV-2 (2019nCoV) mediates receptor (ACE2) binding and cell entry and is the dominant target of the immune system. Most mutations and deletions of SARS-CoV-2 occur in the coronavirus spike protein. Spike position N501, one of the key contact residues in the receptor-binding domain (RBD), and experimental data suggest mutation N501Y can increase ACE2 receptor affinity (Starr et al. 2020). N501Y has also been associated with increased infectivity and virulence in a mouse model (Gu et al. 2020).
Recently a novel SARS-COV-2 (2019nCOV) lineage, the B.1.1.7 lineage, with serials of site mutation, shows stronger infection ability in the UK. In SARS-COV-2 B.1.1.7 lineage, most mutations and deletions occur in the coronavirus spike protein. These mutantions also include SARS-CoV-2 spike- mutation. N501Y mutation is also found in the South Africa 501Y.V2 lineage.